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SAES-Q-005 PDF: How to Design and Construct Cast-in-Place Concrete Foundations

How to Download SAES-Q-005 PDF Online

If you are involved in the design and construction of concrete foundations for Saudi Aramco projects, you need to be familiar with SAES-Q-005, the engineering standard that covers mandatory requirements for this type of work. SAES-Q-005 is one of the many Saudi Aramco engineering standards (SAES) that establish minimum specifications for the selection, design, construction, test, maintenance, and repair of equipment and facilities.

In this article, we will explain what SAES-Q-005 is, what are its main features and requirements, and how you can access it online in PDF format. By reading this article, you will learn how to comply with SAES-Q-005 and ensure the quality and safety of your concrete foundations.

saes-q-005 pdf free download


Scope of SAES-Q-005

Types of concrete foundations covered by SAES-Q-005

SAES-Q-005 applies to all cast-in-place concrete foundations, except for retaining walls, which are covered by SAES-Q-009. Cast-in-place concrete foundations are those that are poured on site using forms and reinforcement. Examples of cast-in-place concrete foundations are footings, pedestals, piers, slabs, mats, piles, caissons, etc.

SAES-Q-005 also covers additional design and construction requirements for heavy machinery foundations, which are covered by SAES-Q-007. Heavy machinery foundations are those that support equipment such as compressors, pumps, turbines, generators, etc.

The design and construction of precast concrete foundations, which are those that are fabricated off site and transported to the site for installation, are covered by SAES-Q-012. The design and construction of pipeline anchor blocks, which are those that resist longitudinal forces in buried pipelines, are covered by SAES-L-440.

Exclusions and deviations from SAES-Q-005

SAES-Q-005 does not cover the following types of concrete structures:

  • Buildings and architectural features

  • Concrete tanks and vessels

  • Concrete pavements

  • Concrete bridges

  • Concrete dams

  • Concrete tunnels

  • Concrete offshore structures

These types of concrete structures have their own specific engineering standards or codes that apply to them.</p References for SAES-Q-005

Saudi Aramco engineering standards and procedures

SAES-Q-005 is based on and complies with several Saudi Aramco engineering standards and procedures that are relevant to the design and construction of concrete foundations. These include:




Instructions for obtaining a waiver of a mandatory Saudi Aramco engineering requirement


Meteorological and seismic design data


Geotechnical engineering requirements


Excavation and backfill


Saudi Aramco engineering drawing preparation


Anchors for buried pipelines


Structural design criteria for non-building structures


Design criteria for blast resistant buildings


Saudi Aramco building code


Quality requirements for civil, structural, architectural, and landscaping works


Heavy machinery foundations


Precast concrete


Concrete reinforcement


Structural steel fabrication and erection


Ready-mixed concrete


Cementitious materials for use in concrete


Aggregates for use in concrete


Chemical admixtures for use in concrete


Concrete curing materials and methods


Concrete repair materials and methods


Concrete testing services


Typical details of concrete foundations for equipment and structures


Typical details of concrete foundations for heavy machinery equipment and structures

In addition to these Saudi Aramco engineering standards and procedures, SAES-Q-005 also references several industry codes and standards that are applicable to the design and construction of concrete foundations.

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Industry codes and standards

SAES-Q-005 adopts and complies with the following industry codes and standards for concrete foundations:



ACI 318

Building code requirements for structural concrete

ACI 301

Specifications for structural concrete

ACI 305R

Guide to hot weather concreting

ACI 306R

Guide to cold weather concreting

ACI 308R

Guide to external curing of concrete

ACI 309R

Guide for consolidation of concrete

ACI 311.4R

Guide for concrete inspection

ACI 311.5R

Guide for concrete plant inspection and testing of ready-mixed concrete

ACI 311.6R

Guide for testing and inspection of field applied thin-shell precast concrete panels used as permanent forms for cast-in-place floor and roof decks

ACI 347R

Guide to formwork for concrete

ACI 349.3R

Evaluation of existing nuclear safety-related concrete structures


Specification for structural steel buildings


Seismic provisions for structural steel buildings

These industry codes and standards provide the technical basis and guidelines for the design and construction of concrete foundations in accordance with the best practices and latest developments in the field. SAES-Q-005 follows these codes and standards unless otherwise specified or modified by Saudi Aramco.

Definitions for SAES-Q-005

SAES-Q-005 defines several terms that are used throughout the standard to describe the requirements and procedures for concrete foundations. These include:

Hydrostatic test

A hydrostatic test is a test that involves filling a concrete foundation or a portion of it with water and applying a specified pressure to check for leaks, cracks, or defects. A hydrostatic test is usually performed after the concrete has cured and before the foundation is put into service.

Pneumatic test

A pneumatic test is a test that involves filling a concrete foundation or a portion of it with air or an inert gas and applying a specified pressure to check for leaks, cracks, or defects. A pneumatic test is usually performed as an alternative to a hydrostatic test when water is not available or not suitable for testing.

Test pressure

A test pressure is the pressure that is applied to a concrete foundation or a portion of it during a hydrostatic or pneumatic test. The test pressure is usually expressed as a percentage of the design pressure or the maximum allowable working pressure of the foundation.

Test medium

A test medium is the fluid that is used to fill a concrete foundation or a portion of it during a hydrostatic or pneumatic test. The test medium can be water, air, nitrogen, helium, or any other suitable fluid that does not adversely affect the concrete or the equipment.

Test certificate

A test certificate is a document that records the results and details of a hydrostatic or pneumatic test performed on a concrete foundation or a portion of it. A test certificate includes information such as the date and time of the test, the location and description of the foundation, the test pressure and duration, the test medium and temperature, the acceptance criteria and results, and the signatures of the authorized personnel. G


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